Background: Uganda is rapidly urbanizing with slums and informal settlements housing approximately 45% of its urban population. In the capital city, Kampala, most inhabitants live in low lying areas of reclaimed swamps, prone to flooding during heavy rains. The sanitation coverage in urban areas is estimated at 81% (FY2012/2013), while functioning hand-washing facilities are estimated at 30%.2However, disparities are very visible with informal settlements like in Makindye having latrine coverage to as low as 36% mostly made up of make shift structures which are opened up in the drainage channels whenever it rains posing huge health and environmental challenges. The target area of Makindye Municipality is one of the five municipalities that make up Kampala. The Municipality is made up mainly of large informal settlements with poor environmental sanitation and with toilet facilities that are very dirty, filled up or at the verge of collapse. (SSWARS, 2008).
Objectives: The objective of the Makindye Urban Poor Sanitation Improvement Project (MUPSIP) is to provide of affordable and sustainable sanitation services to the urban poor in Makindye Municipality. This will contribute to improved living conditions as well as attaining the Government of Uganda’s National Development Plan (NDP) targets as well as to meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) goals.
Description: The project will provide sanitation facilities for households, schools and the public or urban poor areas. This intervention will promote principles of sanitation marketing, offer a pro-poor sanitation financing mechanism for accessing affordable and improved sanitation infrastructure; define a sustainable fecal sludge management and safe reuse strategy; and develop strategies, information, and education and communication tools to promote sanitation demand and promote better sanitation practices. The project will be executed by the African Human Resource Initiative Strategies (AHRIS), in partnership with Makindye Municipality of the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) and the National Water and Sewerage Cooperation (NWSC). AHRIS will further collaborate with the private sector to identify appropriate sanitation technology and with agronomical research institutions to undertake studies, develop tools and strategies; capture and document processes and support the dissemination of knowledge products capturing the whole sanitation chain.
The project comprises 5 components: Component 1 is the development of Sanitation Infrastructure including the development of appropriate technologies; construction of 240 units public sanitation units with a hand washing facility and household facilities for both landlord households (700) and vulnerable households (84); training of masons; establishment of operations and maintenance systems. Component 2 concerns Improved Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion covering the preparation of targeted IEC tools; hygiene and sanitation promotion campaigns and sanitation marketing; school sanitation and hygiene promotion; and sanitation infrastructure revolving-fund development. Component 3 deals with Fecal Sludge Management System (FSMS) and will undertake a faecal sludge management study; define an operational system for linking primary collection with services of cesspool truck emptier and an in-built O & M system; and identify temporary collection points.